How Copyright Works On Social Media
The copyright process has become fairly simple with traditional works like books, plays, movies, and theatre. But copyright is a little more difficult with the advent of the internet. For example, bloggers must be aware of what they write, to avoid copyright, trademark, and libel issues. And before you use an image from the internet you need to be sure to get a license or find public domain images. This article looks specifically at various social media sites and their copyright policies.
What is Copyright?
Copyright is a system established by the government to create ownership over certain artistic works. Artists use the system to allow others to copy their works without fear of litigation, copyright infringement, and the profit motive. Without copyright protection, your ideas would die, and you would have no source of income, unlike with copyright protection.
The Copyright Act of 1976 was a part of the Republic Act 8782. If you don't like the way it is administered, you can always petition for a change in the law. Copyright is a set of rights owners protect in return for having their works made available to the public for legitimate purposes. The copyright office defines copyright as “an exclusive right of any person to reproduce, prepare derivative works, transmit, distribute, perform and display any work protected by this title.”
The most basic copyright law is for books, which are divided into categories. The copyright law also covers music, writing, painting, sculpture, and photographs. The act of creating original work is generally required to qualify for a copyright. The problem with these original works is that they are generally created for private use, and not for use for business or commercial purposes.
To establish ownership, the work must be exclusive to the creator. The first copyright laws were established in the United States in 1790 with the Copyright Act of 1790. Copyright is a set of laws that govern the right of a creator to produce, distribute, perform, exhibit and display works. These rights are exercised when the creator makes a work, such as a book, film, painting, song, play, or anything else that can be used.
Generally, you cannot reproduce, transfer, sell, or distribute copyrighted work without permission from the copyright owner. Copyright laws protect a creator’s creation from any alteration or copying by third parties. If someone wants to recreate your original work without permission, they may have to pay you a fee and pay your legal fees.
Copyright is a government-granted monopoly on the exclusive right to reproduce and distribute a certain work. This monopoly may be transferred among different users or the copyright holder. The copyright does not give authors or rights to copy, distribute, broadcast, or reproduce the work. It does, however, grant a limited monopoly on what is done with the work and what the distribution method is.
The rights are much more likely to be revoked if the work is used in a way that is not supposed to be, so be sure you are protected legally before you distribute your work. Most importantly, you don’t own the copyright to a single piece of work. If you use someone else’s work in your work you have not created copyright. This is the idea behind the Creative Commons License.
Copyright is the protection granted to creative works by the author (author of the work) for the purpose of promoting, distributing, or otherwise using the work. Traditionally, copyright lasts for the lifetime of the creator of the work, plus 70 years. While this term used to apply to the physical copyright on the physical book, it is not required anymore. The first author's work is copyrightable by law. All writers and publishers are required to submit their works to a Copyright Office. The type of copyright depends on the work being copyrighted.
Importance Of Copyright
The importance of copyright with social media is two-fold. First, the copyright status of a tweet or Facebook post is paramount to its validity. Copyright provides a mechanism that allows copyright holders to control their work and prevents other individuals from making unauthorized copies. Trademarks and copyrights have been important for over 200 years. But companies have been circumventing these by creating domains that mimic the old domain names.
For example, companies have been reusing their old internet domains, like .com and .org, and then creating new ones, like .tv, for “television networks.” And because they aren't actually trademarking these, they are not protected by copyright laws. For example, media sites and newspapers have been using old domain names that they don't own, like .com.au, .net.au, and even .fr. And since they aren't owned by media companies, they aren't protected by copyright law.
The use of these domains allows these media outlets to create digital content easily and cheaply. Since most people use Facebook and Twitter to stay in contact with others, if they use copyrighted material on those sites they run the risk of being sued. Most of the links to images and videos you come across on the Internet are not posted by the person who created the image or video, but by the owner of that image or video who then licenses the use of that material.
The original creators of the copyrightable material may or may not use a license that clearly states that others can use their images. These cases are sometimes called “social media plagiarism.” Some social media sites even require a license in order to use your content, depending on the platform they are being used on. For example, Twitter requires you to obtain permission to use images on the site.
When you post your intellectual property, such as an image or text on a public social media site, you are granting the company hosting your website, like Twitter, a license to display your content. They will use your copyright to display your material. A social media site could, however, give its users the right to use your content in other ways, even without your permission. Copyright has a very important role in relation to every creative industry.
People who create content are entitled to a certain type of recognition, compensation, and limitations in their own creations. Copyright is important, especially when dealing with bloggers and video game bloggers. Without the option to license content from sources such as Twitter and YouTube, game companies and studios are forced to rely solely on written material, which may have historical value or contain copyrighted material.
Each social media site differs in terms of policies. For example, Twitter provides a lot of freedom to use the public domain and search engines are not as restrictive as Facebook or YouTube. This helps to find video games before they are released, but the end-user has to be careful to avoid copyright infringement. It is important to remember that a tweet is seen by millions of people each day and even a tweet using copyrighted material will not be tolerated.
Protecting Your Own Content on Social Media
If you want to protect your own works on social media you should be aware that there are many websites that allow users to freely use copyrighted works, such as Facebook, Google Books, and Flickr. Twitter, YouTube, and Flickr allow users to upload content. The copyright policy of Google and Flickr is very detailed and you can find it here. Even a cursory glance reveals some grey areas that I cannot discuss in this article.
The important point here is that you need to do some research and find out what is acceptable for your content to be used. Also, be aware that some companies (such as Yahoo and Microsoft) will take down content (or a site altogether) when they receive a lawsuit or the DMCA notices of a third party. First, you need to understand the copyright laws that govern your content on social media.
On a social media platform, the terms and conditions you sign make it clear that you agree that your content can be used without compensation. For example, one question is whether you own the copyright to your selfies. If your selfie was taken with your cell phone or your friend took the selfie, you own the copyright. But what if you take the selfie yourself? You don't own the rights to it, because the person who took the photo holds the copyright.
If you find yourself on the wrong end of an infringer, you have options to protect your own content. First, you can look up the “know your customer” rules associated with particular social media sites. These are only suggestions, and you can discuss these with a company representative if you wish. You can also file a complaint with the U.S. Department of Justice’s Copyright Infringement Online Project.
This project helps organizations report instances of copyright infringement using their computer, phone, and tablet devices. With the plethora of social media sites and services available today, you need to be careful about the content you share and how you share it. Whether you're a blogger or sharing something on a commercial or educational website, the rules of content owners can apply.
In order to prevent abuse or copyright violations, social media sites (Twitter, Facebook, etc.) place content restrictions on users. This involves removing, disabling, or blocking content that doesn't fall within the restrictions they have set up for users. So, the first step is to make sure your content is truly yours. If you're a blogger, you probably have copyright-protected photos and videos.
Social Media Sites And Copyright
Twitter was not originally created to allow you to download and share the text and tweets from any public figure. However, the Twitter team is probably happy to see that they are now providing users with the ability to use public tweets in creative ways. These images, for example, are 100% free to use and modify, but I would argue, they should get a license for the images to protect the use of the images in future, “non-creative” uses.
These are not works of art to be enjoyed by anyone, they are considered text and audio. Facebook does not allow the reproduction or distribution of anyone’s content without the permission of the original creator or owner of the content. Social media sites are also becoming a lot more used, especially by bloggers and other people who share various forms of works online. The ease of sharing photos has changed how many people share their work, with the ease of reaching a large audience from a small device.
When making comments on these sites you can attach images, audio files, and more, to the comments you make. Some of these sites require you to obtain a license before uploading content that you may want to use elsewhere. Here’s a list of social media sites and what they require:
- Google+ – You need a Google+ account to upload content, upload pictures, and more.
- Facebook – You need a Facebook account to upload content.
- Youtube – You need a Google+ account to upload content, upload pictures, and more.
YouTube, Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter, Instagram, Pinterest, Tumblr, and every other social media site has some kind of sharing or embedding policy. Most of these social media sites encourage you to post links to content you create. They also allow sharing of links to the sites of other users.
These links are referred to as embeds. For example, if you upload a YouTube video and it is shared on Twitter and Facebook, the user's website may link back to the video. Although the social media site may allow this link, it does not guarantee it is permitted. The embedding policy on YouTube is as follows: Adsense, Google: Any user may embed YouTube videos. However, the embedding link must have a fair use policy or be an advertisement.
Facebook And Copyright
When you use Facebook, you automatically get a license for Facebook’s functionality. This may sound like a good thing, but it actually limits your rights. For example, you may use Facebook’s photos as your cover photo. But you can only do this for personal use. The problem with this licensing is that the original copyright holder of a Facebook photo owns the right to reproduce, distribute, and perform the photo in a tangible medium (i.e. photos) and in a tangible medium (i.e. social media posts).
It is entirely possible that Facebook could determine that your cover photo is deemed a social media post. In this case, Facebook could be able to use its “revenge-pin” feature to force you to take it down. For copyright purposes, Facebook and Instagram allow for the author of any content that they are hosting to be compensated for their work. In contrast, Twitter takes a different approach.
There, if the author of a post has not cleared it with Twitter, then the company will automatically take the credit for the content. It’s worth noting that neither Facebook nor Instagram allow the sharing of an article without a license, or asking the author to join in. Facebook and Instagram have a somewhat convoluted procedure for obtaining a license for their images. They will check to see if you own the rights to the image and then will require payment for every photo used. As an example, if you wish to use a public domain image that you find on Facebook, you have to pay $0.30.
Twitter And Copyright
There are some very interesting copyright laws related to Twitter. In my view, Twitter is a perfect example of a “public domain” social media site. In the U.S. the government owns the copyright for all of Twitter’s content, meaning Twitter is controlled by the government. There are laws that protect the government’s content from being shared. Some of Twitter’s policy involves license agreements and DMCA (Digital Millennium Copyright Act) takedowns.
However, this site seems to be in the public domain as all of Twitter’s content is controlled by the U.S. government. There are a couple of other interesting copyright laws for Twitter. One relates to parody (protecting “lawful parody”), another deals with lyrics. Twitter is one of the most used social media sites with about 300 million active users a month. While not quite as popular as Facebook, Twitter has some copyright concerns to deal with.
Twitter has copyrights in the information sent through their website, including the tweet. So when you tweet a quote, you need to be aware of what is being posted to Twitter as a quote. So when tweeting a quote from an article you also need to be aware of what the original author has stated. To prevent any confusion, you must include an attribution line in the Tweet. You can find this instruction in Twitter’s Terms of Service. Since Twitter also has a DMCA process (Digital Millennium Copyright Act) a Tweet could be used to accuse someone of infringing copyright if the Tweet was not properly attributed.
Instagram And Copyright
Artists and photographers have been raving about Instagram. People can add a caption and filter to their pictures, and even use their camera for video or even create their own photo filter. However, as a creative photographer, it can be easy to lose sight of the fact that Instagram is owned by Facebook. So while you're getting followers and likes you'll also have to pay up for any pictures you post. Instagram itself hasn't been sued, but it's something to keep in mind.
Instagram allows you to use all of the images posted on the site. But it is important to note that Instagram does not allow any commercial or derivative use of images. You can't use any image for your own personal use and you can't use an image to generate income. They do provide an Image License Document. The Image License Document states that any image you take or share must be approved by Instagram before use.
YouTube And Copyright
Youtube is by far the most popular way for YouTube users to upload videos and have them shared with the world. This is because Youtube has the most relaxed copyright policy of all of the video-sharing sites. You can also upload videos to YouTube. And it’s possible for creators to monetize their videos with ads, making them less of a free-for-all and more of a business.
The most famous YouTube creators include Ethan and Hila Klein and their channel “H3h3 Productions” which has 4,607,162 subscribers and 30,348,403 views. A sample of content uploaded to YouTube. Copyright infringement is one of the most common reasons for having content removed from Youtube. Youtube makes an effort to work with creators and copyright owners. The owner of the copyright can keep a viewer from seeing a video if he or she has violated its Terms of Service, and there are 3 different ways this can be done.
The first is a timed download, where the user has a period of time to download the file. This is the cheapest way, but if the viewer watches a video after the download is completed, that is considered a violation. Other options include disabling certain types of uploading or having to wait until the user's video finishes uploading. In the end, creators are not subject to all 3 methods. If they are, they have 90 days to comply. There are additional costs for making an arrangement to have certain videos available through YouTube.
Infringement of Copyright
Copyright infringement occurs when someone uses something that has been made available without permission from the owner. This includes “any illegal, pirated, and counterfeit products that are sold, offered for sale, or downloaded” (The Digital Millennium Copyright Act, 1998). The act of infringing is defined as a violation of the Lanham Act (Title 17) which states:
“Illegally reproducing, copying, distributing, publicly showing, or otherwise disseminating any copyrighted work…with intent to commit a violation of this section or to defraud any person of any claim for damages, goods, or property.”
The act can be a criminal act as well. There are few exceptions to the law which can be construed for reasonable uses of a copyrighted work. Anyone who creates content on the internet (such as a blog, a Facebook post, a Tweet, a Tumblr, a YouTube video, an Instagram photo, etc.) can be held liable for copyright infringement.
In the United States, federal copyright laws apply to every copyrighted work that is produced. However, most states have their own laws. Unfortunately, the internet is rife with copyright infringement. Thousands of infringers have made names for themselves.
For example, Twitter allows people to post images and short videos. However, users often do not have a license to display copyrighted images. While a license is not required to post a tweet, some licenses are required before posting certain video clips. Facebook also has its share of copyright infringers.
Make sure you know what your rights are before posting to social media. Be sure you are compliant with copyright and other laws. You do not want to lose your right to use those photos you have previously uploaded to the internet.
I trust you enjoyed this article about How Copyright Works On Social Media. Would you please stay tuned for more articles to come? Take care!
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Thoughts? Ideas? Questions? I would love to hear from you. Please leave me your questions, experiences, remarks, and suggestions about How Copyright Works On Social Media in the comments below. You can also contact me by email at Jeannette@WorkFromAnywhereInTheWorld.com.